Navratri 2020: The Vibrant Celebration of Goddess Durga

23 Sep 2020

 

About Navratri:

India’s own Tomorrowland, the Sharad Navratri (yes, there are other types of it, we will explain them down below), will kick-off from 17th of October 2020. In the Hindu religion, it is just as significant as Diwali and perhaps celebrated with even more enthusiasm. Though Navratri’s religious and spiritual significance can be observed all around India; Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, and West Bengal are the states where it is celebrated with the most zeal.

In West Bengal, it is celebrated as Durga Puja or Durga Pujo. The whole city of Kolkata can be seen packed with pandals with various handmade statues of Goddess Durga. It is truly a sight to behold, an experience to have once in a lifetime. In Gujarat, Navaratri is the representation of the nightlife this dry state is deprived of. There are costumes, loudspeakers, and packed stadiums of people full of excitement, performing Garba. Every street is lit up, every pair of feet moving on the notes of “Tara Vina Shyam”, “Chogada…”, and many more!

Navratri, translated literally to Nine-Nights, is a celebration of nine forms of the Devi Adiparashakti (the supreme being, creator and destroyer of the elements). She also represents femininity among the deities. Navratri is thus also a celebration of feminism, an ode to Hinduism’s belief ‘yatra naryastu pujyante…’. Gods and demigods also celebrated Navratri in the times of even Ramayana and Mahabharata. According to the Hindu Calendar, Navaratri falls in Ashwin month in the season (Ritu) of Sharad, thus the name ‘Sharad Navratri or Sharadiya Navratri’. Here are the other types of Navratri:

Types of Navratri:

1) Sharad Navratri: 

Falls on Shukla Paksha of Ashwin Month, usually September/October of Gregorian Calendar.

2) Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri:

Falls on Shukla Paksha of Chaitra Month, usually in March/April. This also marks the new year of Hindu Lunar Calendar.

3rd and 4th) Ashad Navratri & Magha Navratri:

These are called Secret Navratris and are not for common people. These are observed by Sadhaks to attain the Siddhi.

Stories Behind Navratri Festival:

There are two versions of the Navratri stories, one stated in Bhagwat Puran and other in Markandey Puran. If you ask us, the more, the merrier. It helps you understand your religion better, and the stories also have a message in the end, what’s to lose? 

According to Devi Bhagvat Puran, during the battle of Ramayana, on the eighth day of the waning moon of Ashwin month, Lord Brahma awakened the sleeping mother goddess herself, Durga. Durga explained how to worship her during the Navratri for nine days, and that was exactly carried out by  Lord Rama during the Mahanavratri. He killed Ravana on the tenth day, on Vijaya Dashmi or Dussehra.

The story from Markandey Puran is the one you are most likely to have heard. It is about the demon king Mahishasura, who after worshipping Brahma, was blessed with immortality. Soon, he started harassing the innocent, and the Gods asked help from Shiva. The Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva created a female warrior, Adishakti Durga to defeat Mahisasura. Mesmerised by her beauty, the demon king approached her for marriage. The Goddess accepted it, but with one condition that Mahisasura has to defeat her in the battle. The ever-proud Mahisasura agreed, and the battle lasted for nine nights (hence Navratri). At the end of the ninth night, Adishakti Durga beheaded Mahisasura, and from there comes the name ‘Mahisasur Mardini’. 

Navratri celebrates these victories of good over evil, and how the ‘Shakti’ was able to defeat a proud demon when the Gods of all three Lokas were terrified by the latter.

Days of Navratri 2020 & Various Forms of Goddess Durga

This year, Navratri starts on 17th October. On each day of Navratri, it is believed that a different form of Maa Durga is worshipped. Each of her forms has various traits and influences. Various Avatars of Goddess Durga on each day of Navratri are as follows:

Day Dates for Navratri 2020 Avatars of Maa Durga Significance
1 17 October Shailputri Represents Mother Nature
2 18 October Brahmacharini Penance & Good- Conduct
3 19 October Chandraghanta Peace & Goodness
4 20 October Kushmanda Empowerment
5 21 October Skandmata Salvation & Prosperity
6 22 October Katyayani Fierceness
7 23 October

Kaalratri

Eliminator of Fears & Suffering
8 24 October

Mahagauri

Purity, Serenity & Tranquility
9 25 October Siddhidatri Provider of Siddhi (accomplishments)

Navratri Vidhi or Rituals:

As we have mentioned, Navratri holds different significance  in different states. In northern India, the ancient art of Ramleela comes alive during the days of Navratri and Dussehra. West Bengal is famous for worshipping Durga for nine days with vivacious idols of the Goddess. For Gujarat, Navratri is one of the state’s prime festivals, and people celebrate it with the folk dance of Garba. Streets and auditoriums are filled with people who perform this playful dance in circles, but before they begin, an Arti is offered to the Adishakti.

Navratri is thus a result of a playful combination of religion and spirituality with the artful festivity. It also promotes the symbolic victories of good over bad, an evergreen message to ponder upon.

Auspicious Muhurats during Navratri 2020:

For different religious rituals of Navratri, it is vital to know the right muhurat. For example, in many states, ghatasthapana or kalashstaphana ritual. It marks the beginning of Navratri and it needs to be performed at the auspicious time of the day.

Ghatasthapana Muhurat:

Date: 17th October 2020

Muhurat: 06:23 AM to 10:12 AM (3 Hour 49 Minutes)

If for some reason, the ghatasthapana cannot be performed in the morning, it can be performed during the ‘Abhijit Muhurat’ on the same day.

Abhijit Muhurat: 11:43 a.m. to 12:29 p.m. (46 Minutes)

Durga Ashtami is also one of the most important days of Navratri. For Durga Puja in Bengal, it is the second day of the festival.

Durga Ashtami:

Date: 23rd and 24th October 2020

Starts on 23rd October 2020: 06:57 a.m. 

Ends on 24th October 2020: 06:58 a.m. 

On Dussehra, Durga Visarjan is also performed. The Vijay Muhurat is considered auspicious for new beginnings and purchases.

Vijay Muhurat:

Date: 25th October 2020

Timings: 01:57 p.m. to 02:42 p.m. (45 Minutes)

Durga Visarjan Muhurat: 06:29 a.m. to 08:43 a.m. (2 Hour 14 Minutes)

Happy Navratri!

A festival of lights, dance and togetherness, with its roots dating back to the Ramayana and Mahabharata that celebrates a female warrior’s victory over a demon and symbolises the removal of the adversities might very well be the thing this year needs. We wish you the most prosperous and happy Navratri from our side!

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With Ganesha’s Grace,
The GaneshaSpeaks.com Team

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