The vivid heritage of India comprises its rich culture and immense diversity. There are multiple cultures, religions, and languages on this land and each of them exhibit their own unique qualities and significance. One of the most prominent religions of them is Sikhism. It comprises the Sikh community also described as a martial community of North India who are known for their valour and broad-mindedness. It is celebrated with lots of devotion and reverence. Most of the festivities of this religion revolves around the anniversaries of ten sikh gurus. These knowledgeable masters are responsible for shaping the belief of sikhs. Their birthdays are called gurupurabs. During these days, sikhs perform prayers and celebrations with great zeal.
Guru Nanak Jayanti Celebration 2021: Date And Tithi
Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak, the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was born on Kartik Purnima which was a full-moon day in the month of Katak. It is also known as Guru Nanak Guruparab. This day usually falls in the month of October or November.
Guru Nanak Jayanti Tithi: Friday, November 19, 2021
Purnima tithi begins from: 12:00 PM on Nov 18, 2021
Purnima tithi ends on: 02:26 PM on Nov 19, 2021
If you want to know about various aspects of your life in this year, get a 2021 detailed report from our experts.
The Significance of Guru Nanak Jayanti
Shri Guru Nanak has been known and believed to be a great mystic and saint. The festival of Guru Nanak Jayanti holds the utmost significance as he has gifted the ocean of spiritual knowledge, truth, moral understanding, devotion and humanity to his followers. Hence, this festival is celebrated with immense fervor and enthusiasm, especially in North India and is marked over a period of three days.
Rituals and Celebrations on Guru Nanak Jayanti
On the day of Guru Nanak Gurpurab, people wake up early in the morning (before sunrise) and go for Prabhat Pheris. ‘Prabhat’ means morning and ‘Pheris’ means taking rounds. It is a ritual where devotees gather in nearby Gurudwaras and take early morning rounds around the society and recite morning hymns or Asaa-ki-Vaar, hymns from Sikh scriptures. In the afternoon, Gurudwaras organize Langars, a free communal meal for everyone. The food is offered as a form of Seva (service) and bhakti (devotion). The delicious Karah Parshad or Prasad is also offered to all devotees.
On this day, the Gurudwaras are decorated with flowers and lights. Many Sikhs decorate their homes as well and also conduct the rituals at home. Two days before his birth anniversary, Akhand Path is held in the Gurudwaras. It is a practice of non-stop reading of Guru Granth Sahib, the religious book of Sikhs, for 48 hours continuously. One day before the birthday of Guru Nanak, devotees organize a procession which is led by Panj Pyaras. The Sikh flag known as the Nishan Sahib and the Palanquin of Guru Granth Sahib are carried in a procession.
Many devotees and tourists from all over also visit The Golden Temple situated in Amritsar. It is beautifully garnered on this occasion. Group of singers participate in the procession and sing hymns. These processions are popular in the state of Punjab. At night, people even firecrackers to mark the end of the festival.
If you are not aware of all the rituals of this festival, get in touch with our experts.
A Peek Into The Life And Philosophy Of Guru Nanak
Guru Nanak has a major role in abolishing the caste system in Ancient India. Prior to his birthday i.e. 1469 CE, the social hierarchy known as a caste system is a fundamental aspect of India. This system made the low caste people poor and high caste people expanding their power constantly. Guru Nanak realised the unjustness of this system and committed his life in fighting against such injustice.
His intense meditation and self-reflection, allow him to receive a vision about the true intent of god. His vision showed that people don’t need formal institutions and caste systems for connecting with god. His vision showed that every individual has a direct connection with god. It leads to rejecting the priest and social heirarchy of the caste system. He even refused the knowledge of vedas.
Initially, people perceive Guru Nanak as a heretic as he denied the will of god. All it changed, once low caste people realised that their life could be much better under the guidance of Guru Nanak. Gradually, people start looking at him as a champion. He taught his disciples that in order to connect with the god, one needs to lead a moral life and do the prayer regularly instead of going through multiple fasts and pilgrimages. After his death, his learnings and wisdom were eventually passed on to the other nine sikh gurus. Sikhs honour these teachings and principles during the guru nanak jayanti.
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