The vivid heritage of India comprises of its rich culture and immense diversity. There are multiple cultures, religions, and languages on this land and each of them exhibit their own unique qualities and significance. One of the most valuable religions of them is Sikhism. This comprises of the Sikhs community also described as a martial community of North India who are known for their valor and broad-mindedness.
Guru Nanak Jayanti 2019: Date And Tithi
Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak, the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was born on the Kartik Purnima which was a full-moon day in the month of Katak. It is also called as Guru Nanak Guruparab. This day usually falls in the month of October or November.
Guru Nanak Jayanti Tithi: Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Purnima tithi begins from 6:02 PM, Nov 11, 2019
Purnima tithi ends on 7:04 PM, Nov 12, 2019
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The Significance of Guru Nanak Jayanti
Shri Guru Nanak has been known and believed to be a great mystic and saint. The festival of Guru Nanak Jayanti holds the utmost significance as he has gifted the ocean of spiritual knowledge, truth, moral understanding, devotion and humanity to his followers. Hence, this festival is celebrated with immense fervor and enthusiasm, especially in North India and is marked over a period of three days.
Rituals and Celebrations on Guru Nanak Jayanti
On the day of Guru Nanak Gurpurab, people wake up early in the morning (before sunrise) and go for Prabhat Pheris. ‘Prabhat’ means morning and ‘Pheris’ means taking rounds. It is a ritual where devotees gather in nearby Gurudwaras and take early morning rounds around the society and recite morning hymns or Asaa-ki-Vaar, hymns from Sikh scriptures. In the afternoon, Gurudwaras organize Langars, a free communal meal for everyone. The food is offered as a form of Seva (service) and bhakti (devotion). The delicious Karah Parshad or Prasad is also offered to all devotees.
On this day, the Gurudwaras are decorated with flowers and lights. Many Sikhs decorate their homes as well and also conduct the rituals at home. Two days before his birth anniversary, Akhand Path is held in the Gurudwaras. It is a practice of non-stop reading of Guru Granth Sahib, the religious book of Sikhs, for 48 hours continuously. One day before the birthday of Guru Nanak, devotees organize a procession which is led by Panj Pyaras. The Sikh flag known as the Nishan Sahib and the Palanquin of Guru Granth Sahib are carried in a procession.
Many devotees and tourists from all over also visit The Golden Temple situated in Amritsar. It is beautifully garnered on this occasion. Group of singers participate in the procession and sing hymns. These processions are popular in the state of Punjab. At night, people even fire crackers to mark the end of the festival.
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