Goddess Saraswati Puja In Navratri: Significance, Vasant Panchami, Dates & Puja Vidhi

11 Oct 2021

Saraswati puja

Saraswati: The Goddess Of Knowledge

Saraswati is the Hindu Goddess of learning, music, the arts, and wisdom. Saraswati, Lakshmi, and Parvati form the trinity of Saraswati, Lakshmi, and Parvati. This trinity aids Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh in the creation, maintenance, and destruction (regeneration) of the universe. Goddess Saraswati is Lord Brahma's wife, according to Devi Bhagwat. She lives in Brahmapura, Lord Brahma's home.

Goddess Saraswati was created by Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe. As a result, she is also known as Lord Brahma's daughter. Goddess Saraswati has many other names, including Goddess Savitri and Goddess Gayatri.

Navratri 2021 Saraswati Puja Date

Navratri Saraswati Puja Day 1

11th October 2021, Monday

Shashthi

Saraswati Avahan

Panchang for Saraswati Avahan

Saraswati Puja Day 2

12th October 2021, Tuesday

Saptami

Saraswati Puja

Panchang for Saraswati Puja

Saraswati Puja Day 3

13th October 2021, Wednesday

Ashtami

Saraswati Balidan

Panchang for Saraswati Balidan

Saraswati Puja Day 4

14th October 2021, Thursday

Navami

Saraswati Visarjan, South Saraswati Puja

Panchang for Saraswati Visarjan

Saraswati Puja Day 5

15th October 2021, Friday

Dashami

Vidyarambham Day

Panchang for Vidyarambham Day   

Saraswati Puja & Vasant Panchami

Vasant Panchami is a Hindu festival that commemorates the birth of Goddess Saraswati. In West Bengal, Vasant Panchami is also known as Shri Panchami and Saraswati Puja. Navrathri Saraswathi Pooja is also performed during the Sharad Navratri festival, which is more common in South India.

The Importance of Vasant Panchami

The festival of Vasant Panchami commemorates Goddess Saraswati's birth. Saraswati Jayanti is the name given to the day of Vasant Panchami.

Vasant Panchami is significant for worshipping Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge and wisdom, in the same way, that Diwali is significant for worshipping Lakshmi, the goddess of riches and prosperity, and Navratri is significant for worshipping Durga, the goddess of strength and valour.

Goddess Saraswati is worshipped on this day during Purvahna time, which is the time before midday according to the Hindu calendar. Devotees dress the deity in white clothes and flowers, as white is thought to be Goddess Saraswati's favourite colour. Traditionally, milk and white sesame sweets are given to Goddess Saraswati and distributed as Prasad to friends and relatives.

Due to the abundance of blossomed mustard flowers and marigold (Genda Phool) at this time of year, yellow flowers are offered to Goddess Saraswati on the auspicious day of Vasant Panchami in north India.

For Vidhya Arambha, the practice of introducing children to the world of education and learning, the day of Vasant Panchami is important. On Vasant Panchami, most schools and colleges hold a Saraswati Puja.

Devotees dress the deity in white clothes and flowers, as white is thought to be Goddess Saraswati's favourite colour. Traditionally, milk and white sesame sweets are given to Goddess Saraswati and distributed as Prasad to friends and relatives. Due to the abundance of blossomed mustard flowers and marigold (Genda Phool) at this time of year, yellow flowers are offered to Goddess Saraswati on the auspicious day of Vasant Panchami in north India.

For Vidhya Arambha, the practice of introducing children to the world of education and learning, the day of Vasant Panchami is important. On Vasant Panchami, most schools and colleges hold a Saraswati Puja.

Saraswati Puja 2021 Calendar

There are two popular occasions when Saraswati Puja is performed in the Hindu calendar. Hence, the significant days to perform Saraswati Puja come two times in the year. However, both occasions are known as Saraswati Puja when students worship Goddess Saraswati, and young children are taught to write the first alphabet. It should be noted that Goddess Saraswati is also worshipped during Diwali Puja in Gujarat, but it is known as Sharda Puja.

Maa Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of wisdom and knowledge, is worshipped on the following two occasions in the year, and both are known as Saraswati Puja.

Vasant Panchami falls on the Hindu calendar's Magh Panchami (January/February).

Sharad Navratri falls in the Hindu calendar's Ashwin month (September/October).

Saraswati Puja is more common in West Bengal, Orissa, and North Indian states such as Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh on Vasant Panchami. Saraswati Puja on Vasant Panchami is only conducted for one day and is observed according to the Panchang Tithi. On the third day of Saraswati Puja, however, only a few people in West Bengal immerse the idol.

Saraswati Puja is more common in South Indian states like Tamil Nadu and Kerala during Sharad Navratri. During Navratri, Saraswati Puja is performed for four days, three days, and one day. Saraswati Puja is celebrated for four days, according to the Panchang Nakshatra. During four days of puja, Saraswati Avahan, Saraswati Puja, Saraswati Balidan, and Saraswati Immersion are performed in:

Mula, Purva Ashadha, Uttara Ashadha, and Shravana Nakshatra.

Saraswati Puja Vidhi

We've put together a comprehensive Saraswati Puja Vidhi that can be used for any Saraswati Puja, including Vasant Panchami. Vasant Panchami, also known as Shri Panchami, is the most important day for worshipping and seeking the blessings of the Goddess of Arts, Wisdom, and Intelligence.

This Puja Vidhi is offered to the Goddess Saraswati's new Pratima or Murti. The Shodashopachara Puja is a Puja Vidhi that includes all sixteen stages of worship. 

1. Dhyana: Puja should begin with Mata Saraswati's meditation. Dhyana should be performed in front of the Bhagawati Saraswati statue that is already in place in front of you. When meditating on Bhagawati Saraswati, recite the respective mantra.

2. Avahana: Following Bhagwati Saraswati's Dhyanam, chant the following Mantra in front of the Murti while displaying Avahana Mudra (Avahana Mudra is formed by joining both palms and folding both thumbs inwards)

3. Asana: After Mata Saraswati has been invoked, place flowers in Anjali (by joining the palms of both hands) in front of the Murti to give Mata Saraswati a seat while chanting Mantra

4. Padya:  After offering Mata Saraswati a flower-made seat, wash Her feet with water while chanting the Mantra

5. Arghya: After the Padya offering, chant the Mantra and give water to Mata Saraswati

6. Achamaniya: After the Arghya offering, chant the Mantra and give water to Mata Saraswati for Achamana.

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7. Snana: After the Achamaniya offering, give Mata Saraswati water for a bath while chanting the Mantra

8. Panchamrita Snana: After Snanam, give Mata Saraswati a Panchamrita bath while chanting the Mantra

9. Shuddhodaka Snana: After performing Panchamrita Snanam, bathe Mata Saraswati in pure water while chanting the Mantra

10. Gandha Snana: After Shuddhodaka Snanam, give Mata Saraswati a fragrance bath while chanting the Mantra. Give final Suddhodana Snana to Mata Saraswati after Gandha Snana before giving Her Vastra.

11. Gandha Snana: After Shuddhodaka Snanam, give Mata Saraswati a fragrance bath while chanting the Mantra. Give final Suddhodana Snana to Mata Saraswati after Gandha Snana before giving Her Vastra

12. Gandha: After the Vastra offering, chant the Mantra and give Chandan to Mata Saraswati

13. Saubhagyadravyam: After the Gandha offering, give Haldi, Kumkum, and Sindoor to Mata Saraswati as Saubhagya Dravya while chanting the Mantra

14. Alankara: After the Saubhagyadravya, give Mata Saraswati jewellery (Alankara) while chanting the Mantra

15. Pushpa: After the Alankara offering, give Mata Saraswati flowers while chanting the Mantra

16. Dhupam: Give Dhupa to Mata Saraswati after the Pushpa offering when chanting the Mantra

17. Deepam: After the Dhupa offering, give Mata Saraswati Deepa while chanting the Mantra

18. Naivedya: After the Deepa offering, give Mata Saraswati Naivedya while chanting the Mantra

19. Achamaniyam: After the Naivedya offering, give Mata Saraswati water to drink and Achamana while chanting the Mantra

20. Tambulam: After the Achamaniya offering, give Mata Saraswati Tambool (betel nut paan) while chanting the Mantra

21. Dakshina: After the Tambula offering, give Mata Saraswati a Dakshina (gift) while chanting the Mantra

22. Aarti: Following the Dakshina offering, perform Mata Saraswati Aarti while chanting the Mantra

23. Pradakshina: After Aarti, perform symbolic Pradakshina (circumambulate Mata Saraswati from left to right) with flowers while chanting the Mantra

24. Pushpanjali: After Pradakshina, give Mata Saraswati flowers filled in Anjali (by joining the palms of both hands) while chanting the Mantra

25. Sashtanga Pranam: After Pushpanjali, give Mata Saraswati Sashtanga Pranam (Pranam performed with eight limbs) while chanting the Mantra.

Phew! That’s it. This is all you need to perform an authentic Saraswati Puja. Hope this helps. May the Goddess grant you with all the wisdom on this auspicious day.

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