or recitation of religious books is said to bring bliss and
satisfaction to the one who recites it. But there are six faults that
the scriptures recommend avoiding, while reciting religious books or
doing Paath. Paath can be done in two different ways. One is by
understanding the scripture and then reading it, and the other is by
just reading it in its moola [original] form even if one doesn?t
understand. For example, you can read and understand the Bible,
whereas there are some granthas [scriptures, or holy books]
that you just read without actually understanding the meaning.
forms are practised in Sanaatan Dharma- reading the scripture in its
moola form, and then understanding it as well. Thus the reader
benefits both ways. By reading the Grantha in the moola form, he gets
the blessings of the deity presiding over that grantha, and by
understanding it, he inherits the strength of the grantha
itself. Also, faith in the holy book is strengthened.
religious sects recommend Paath of their religious book. By reading
the holy book, you are benefited with two qualities i.e. Malapharan
and Gunaadhaan- Malapharan is like cleansing yourself
i.e. your body and your mind. Malapharan thus removes the
dosha of our mind i.e. it cleanses one completely, and all this even
if you don?t really understand the Holy Book. After you have
purified your body and soul, you now need to purify your
surroundings, you need to get rid of the negativity and dullness
around you. Applying perfumes and lighting dhoop in the room will
serve the purpose. This work is done by Gunaadhaan, which
means guna + adhaan =Guna ka Adhaan. Guna means qualities and
adhaan is to acquire the qualities of the religious grantha, which
is done by recitation and understanding of the grantha.
Sometimes, Paath works miraculously, even if you don't understand it,
because of the sheer faith of the reader.
to Vedic tradition, there are six mistakes that the reciter is likely
to make while performing a paath:
geetee shirah kampim tathalikhitpaathakah |
cha shadete paathakadhamah ||?
above shloka enumerates the six doshas that should be avoided while
doing a Paath. They are:
Paath should not be recited so fast that the recitation is not
clear. The words should be clearly pronounced, and not just murmured
or read in the mind.
Paath should not be sung as the listener, knowingly or unknowingly,
focuses his attention on the music. The stress should be on the
Paath, and not on the music or anything that distracts the mind from
should sit comfortably and in a fixed position. He should not move
his head or body. Some people move in a rhythmic way while
performing jaapa or Paath. The instability affects the focus of
mind. That is why mental with physical stability is a must.
if one has learnt the Paath by heart, he should still keep the book
in front of him while reciting it. Firstly, it will help avoid even
a minute mistake, while performing the recitation. Secondly, the
grantha itself is the gross form of the Deity representing
the lord of that Paath that gives energy and power. It also helps
one submit himself completely to the deity or God, with respect and
is very good if one understands the meaning of the scripture which
he is reading and it should be done before the recitation of Paath
so that when he recites the grantha he should understand it
properly and it gives bliss and satisfaction while reading the
should not be recited in a very loud or a very soft voice. It should
be audible only to the person sitting next to you, and it should not
disturb others who are not interested.
Bhagwadgita and Sri Ramcharitmanas, both are divine granthas.
They bless the reader just like God blesses his bhaktas. That is why,
if possible, one should make it a daily routine to recite a few pages
of these granthas and be blessed by their divine powers.
quantity of the Paath you want to do daily should be selected,
keeping in mind the number of pages you can recite in one sitting
without any disturbance. However, there is nothing very rigid about
to Yaajnavalkya smriti :
sthirtaan yaati sahstren cha tishthatee|
shatsahstren ihaloke paratra cha ||
means if any mantra or Paath of any grantha [holy book] is
recited 108 times, it is imprinted in the mind like sanskar -- then
its quality is also gained by the person who recites it. If the
person recites it 1008 times, he will have it memorised for life. If
the recitation is done one lakh times, it is deeply imprinted in the
mind, in fact it is believed that it is carried forward to the next
enhance your devotion and faith in your divine self, and go ahead and
get blessings of your deity by reciting the grantha daily.
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