Mesha Sankranti or Maha Vishuva Sankranti

14 Apr 2017

What is Mesha Sankranti or Maha Vishuva Sankranti?

Mesha Sankranti, also known as Maha Vishuva Sankranti is the day of the New Year according to the solar calendar when the sun transits from the zodiac sign of Pisces to Aries. Mesha Sankranti also bids adieu to spring and welcomes summer, the season of bright sunlight. The day is celebrated as the New Year in the different regions of India by different names. Pana Sankranti is celebrated as the New Year in Odisha. Tamil Nadu celebrates Puthandu as the New Year.  Bengal welcomes Poila Baisakh as the New Year whereas Assam celebrates Bihu to mark the auspicious beginning.
On all twelve Sankranti, Sun God is worshiped and people perform charitable activities as per their capacity. The ten minutes before and after the Sankranti time is considered auspicious for   Mesha Sankranti or Maha Vishuva Sankranti pujas and prayers.
Mesha Sankranti celebration 2017 Date or Maha Vishuva Sankranti celebration 2017 Date and Time:
April 14, 2017,  Friday
Mesha Sankranti celebration Time = 06:04 AM to 12:16 PM
Mesha Sankranti celebration Auspicious Time = 06:04 AM to 08:08AM

Astrological Significance of Mesha Sankranti or Maha Vishuva Sankranti:
Transit of Sun in all the twelve zodiac signs from Aries to Pisces helps completion of one year. When Sun transits from the sign of Pisces to Aries, it marks the New Year on the Hindu Solar Calendar. According to Hindu Solar Calendar, Sun stays in every twelve houses for a period of approximately a month. Aries sign is known as Mesha according to Hindu Vedic astrology and therefore, the celebration is also known as Mesha Sankranti.
Sun, being the supreme magnetic force in the universe, is worshiped as the God who brings the change and marks the auspicious beginning of the new year. Therefore Sun is worshiped by the Hindu families on Mesha Sankranti or Maha Vishuva Sankranti.

Astrological Significance of Mesha Sankranti or Maha Vishuva Sankranti:
Why is Mesha Sankranti is called Maha Vishuva Sankranti and celebrated as a New Year?

Sun transits only once a month and transits of Sun twice a month are considered auspicious according to Hindu Vedic astrology.
1. Mesha Sankranti (Sun transits from Pisces to Aries)
2. Tula Sankranti (Sun transits from Virgo to Libra)
The days on which the sun transits Aries and Libra, respectively are the only days when Sun sits fully on the equator. It means that these are the only two days in a year when there is equal length of day and night.
This is the very reason Solar Calendar is considered astrologically more scientific and accurate than the tropical year, which begins on January 1 and ends on December 31. Solar Calendar is used by pandits and astrologers and officially celebrated as the New Year.

Rituals of Mesha Sankranti celebration or Maha Vishuva Sankranti Rituals:
  • Take a sacred bath in holy water.
  • Pray to the Sun.
  • Perform Ganesha puja first.
  • Worship Lord Shiva, Lord Hanuman, Lord Vishnu and Goddess Kali.
  • Chant Hanuman Chalisa and Maha Mrityunjay Mantra and Vishnu Sahasranama.
  • Avoid bad habits.
  • Serve a special summer drink like bel sharbat or Mango juice.
  • Prepare and serve light vegetarian cuisine made of fresh vegetables of summer.
  • Donate foods to the poor.

Ganesha wishes you a Happy Mesha Sankranti or  Maha Vishuva Sankranti

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