Karwa Chauth festival falls on the fourth day in the dark fortnight of the Karthik month. This year it will fall on November 04, 2020. While married women observe the fast for the longevity and well-being of their husbands, some maidens observe it with a desire to get a good partner. Here, we are discussing some important aspects of Karwa Chauth and Do’s and Don’ts for this Festival.
On the day of Karwa Chauth, the Shiva parivaar, that is, Lord Shiva himself, Goddess Parvati, Lord Ganesha and Lord Kartikeya are supposed to be worshipped. The family of Lord Shiva is considered to be the most ideal one and both Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati are known to confer great marital happiness and material prosperity. The other deity who holds utmost importance on this day is the Moon.
Beliefs Behind Karwa Chauth:
In the days of yore, the festival of Karwa Chauth was celebrated by a bride and a specially chosen woman to be her best friend in her in-laws’ place as per Karwa Chauth story. The bride could confide anything to this 'friend' in her in-laws’ place, and it was mostly a friendship with the aim to help the bride get to know her in-laws better and break the ice to establish communications.
However, over time, this aspect of the festival fizzled out and women started observing a fast on the day, four days into the Kartik month, to pray for the longevity of her husband and celebrate the conjugal bonding on Karva Chauth.
Some of the most important paraphernalia that forms a part of this festival are: Kumkum (Vermillion), Honey, Incense Sticks, Flowers, Cow Milk, Curd, Ghee (Clarified Butter), Lamps, Wheat, Camphor, Sieve, etc. You can also worship a Lagna Vighna Yantra or a blissful and harmonious married life.
The Military Angle:
Karwa Chauth also used to be celebrated in the north and north-western parts of India by the wives of soldiers when they were about to depart on a long-distance journey in the line of duty to protect the country. Their wives prayed that their husbands emerge victoriously and return safely. It is spoken of in the Mahabharata that Krishna told Draupadi that if she fasted on the day of Karwa Chauth, the Pandavas would come back safely from the war.
Karwa Chauth falls in the wheat sowing season, that is at the beginning of the Rabi crop season. In ancient times wheat was stored in huge earthen pots, also called 'Karwa', and since it falls on the fourth day of the Kartik month, it began to be called Karwa Chauth. Women would pray for their husbands to reap a rich harvest. Then there is the belief that if unmarried women observe a fast on this day, they are likely to get a very handsome husband.
Karwa Chauth symbolises the spirit of romance and affection between a wife and her husband. Some Bollywood films have also beautifully depicted how Karwa Chauth is celebrated across the country.
DO's & Don’ts of Karwa Chauth:
On Karwa Chauth, women wake up early, finish their morning chores, and then worship Lord Shiva, Parvati and Ganesha as per the puja vidhi, and then they eat something, but this is done before Sunrise. Once the Sun rises, women start their fast, and do not even drink a drop of water as per the Karwa Chauth vrat vidhi.
After Sun-set, when the moon rises, they look at the face of their husband through a sieve, and then break their fast. Clothes of Auspicious colours for Karwa Chauth are also donned by women.
On Karwa Chauth, the women are generally advised not to indulge in strenuous activities. Moreover, even after breaking the fast, light food should be consumed. Women observing Karwa Chauth are also advised not to use scissors, needles, or knives in the food preparations either. Women of different Zodiac Signs celebrate Karwa Chauth differently, too.
Are you confused about the Karwa Chauth rituals and Muhurats? Talk to our Astrologers for expert guidance.