Dattatreya Jayanti 2020: Date, Importance, and Celebrations

dattatreya jayanti

Lord Dattatreya: Hindu Trinity Incarnate

The important Hindu festival of Dattatreya Jayanti is celebrated on the Full Moon Night (Purnamasi) of the Margashirsha (Agrahayana) month. It is also known as Datta Jayanti. In 2020, Dattatreya Jayanti will fall on 29th December. It is believed that Lord Dattatreya was born on this day, and across the country, the day holds its significance. 

As per the scriptures, Lord Dattatreya symbolises the fusion of the three Gods of the Hindu male trinity (Trimurti), namely Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the nurturer) and Mahesh (Lord Shiva, the destroyer). Though sometimes, Lord Dattatreya is also considered as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

Dattatreya Jayanti Importance

There are several temples dedicated to Lord Dattatreya, especially in Southern India. He is also a prominent deity in the state of Maharashtra. In fact, the famous Datta Sampradaya rose on the cult of Dattatreya. 

Lord Dattatreya has three heads and six arms. On Dattatreya Jayanti, his child form is worshipped. The day is celebrated with a lot of joy and fanfare in Lord Dattatreya Temples in the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat.

It is believed that if one worships Lord Dattatreya with full devotion and fasts on Dattatreya Jayanti day, all his/her wants and wishes will get fulfilled. 

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Dattatreya Jayanti 2020 Date and Timings

As mentioned, the Dattatreya Jayanti falls on 29th December this year. Here are the Tithi timings for the same.

Date: 29th December 2020

Purnima Tithi Begins - 07:54 AM on Dec 29, 2020

Purnima Tithi Ends - 08:57 AM on Dec 30, 2020

The Story of Dattatreya

As per the Hindu tradition, Dattatreya was the son of the sage Atri and his wife, Anasuya. Anasuya was a very chaste and virtuous wife. She had performed severe Tapas (austerities) to get a son equal in character to the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. The Goddess trinity Saraswati, Lakshmi, and Parvati, who are the consorts of the male trinity, became jealous of Ansuya and asked their husbands to test her virtuousness. 

Accordingly, the three Gods came to Anasuya in the guise of sadhus (ascetics) and asked her for alms in a way that would test her chastity. Anasuya became tense but soon regained her calm. She uttered a mantra and sprinkled water on the three sages, turning them into babies, and then breastfed them.

When Atri came back to his ashram (hermitage), Anasuya told him what had happened, which he had already seen through his psychic powers. He hugged the three babies and transformed them into a single baby with three heads and six arms.

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As the three Gods did not return, their wives became anxious, and they went to Anasuya. The three goddesses begged for her forgiveness and pleaded with her to send back their husbands. Anasuya accepted the request. Then the Trimurti appeared in their real form, before Atri and Anasuya, and blessed them with a son, Dattatreya. You too can worship Lord Vishnu to invoke his blessings and bring happiness to your life, Book Vishnu Puja Now!

Dattatreya Jayanti Puja and Celebrations

As mentioned before, the temples of Lord Dattatreya are the centre of celebrations on this day. The devotees take a bath in holy rivers and a special Lord Dattatreya Puja if performed with incense, lamps, flowers, camphor.

The idols of Lord Dattatreya are worshipped at homes and temples to attain the path of righteousness. The temples are decorated, and people immerse themselves into bhajans and devotional songs dedicated to Lord Dattatreya. At some places, Avadhut Gita and Jivanmukta Gita are also read, which is said to have the sayings of the Lord himself.

We wish you all an auspicious and fruitful Dattatreya Jayanti!


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