Everything You Need To Know About Agoraphobia

A severe dread of locations or places creates this form of anxiety disorder. It can make a person feel confined, helpless, terrified, or ashamed. To lessen social anxiety, people avoid situations that trigger this dread, such as crowded areas or public transportation. With agoraphobia, panic attacks are frequently reported. It depends on the individual whether they also have panic disorder in addition to this form of specific phobia.


Definition and diagnosis of agoraphobia

The words “agoraphobia” and “phobia” are derived from the Greek words for a gathering of people, “agora,” and “fear.” Agoraphobia is the fear of crowded situations, which typically includes areas with long queues of people, large crowds, and no clear way out. This manifests as an anxiety disorder, a kind of mental illness identified in accordance with predetermined criteria.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM 5) describes agoraphobia as an anxiety disorder characterized by a severe dread of two or more of the following circumstances:

  • Using public transportation
  • Open spaces, such as markets or parking lots
  • Enclosed spaces, such as stores and theaters
  • Standing in line or being in a crowd
  • Being outside of the home alone

For those who suffer from this kind of social anxiety, being in these circumstances is extremely distressing, to the point that it can interfere with everyday routines. The fear of the aforementioned circumstances arises from a deeper fear of feeling confined, helpless, worried, scared, or embarrassed. People who suffer from this kind of specialized phobia worry about their ability to escape situations and also dread embarrassment. People with agoraphobia frequently find it challenging to leave their house because they prioritize avoiding places that make them anxious. The typical age of onset for agoraphobia is 17, when people first experience it. 

Do you have any phobias which are hampering your day to day life? Talk to our wellness experts by downloading the app now.


The agoraphobia-related symptoms are severe and frequently incapacitating, like those of all anxiety disorders. The main symptoms of agoraphobia, which can manifest in many ways depending on the individual, include feeling nervous or experiencing a panic attack. Symptoms of this could include, among others, lightheadedness, chest pain, and hot flashes. The following are some of the most typical signs of agoraphobia:

  • nItense anxiety when using public transportation, around large groups of people, in enclosed or open settings, or when leaving the house.
  • Panic attacks or moderate to severe anxiety, with symptoms that may include:
  • Threat perception that is out of proportion to the circumstances
  • Avoiding circumstances that can cause anxiety and discomfort
  • A sense of being out of control
  • Feeling disconnected from reality

If these symptoms have persisted for at least six months and are significantly impairing everyday functioning, a physician or psychologist may diagnose an individual with agoraphobia. This frequently manifests as avoiding all potential triggers, which makes it difficult to live normally. If panic episodes are frequent as well, another diagnosis that will be taken into account is panic disorder. For a formal diagnosis, always speak with a medical or certified mental health practitioner.



There are numerous factors that can trigger agoraphobia. These elements include comorbidity, stress from the environment, genetic predisposition, and family history. One of the most important risk factors for agoraphobia is family history. You are far more likely to suffer from this type of severe anxiety if a blood relative does. According to research, if someone in your family also has agoraphobia, your chances of developing it can increase by as much as 61%. However, it doesn’t always follow that you will get agoraphobia if someone in your family does; it just raises the likelihood.

A genetic susceptibility to nervous tendencies and family history are additional risk factors for agoraphobia. You are more likely to develop agoraphobia if you suffer from another anxiety or panic disorder. Agoraphobia frequently coexists with other mental health problems, which is known as comorbidity.  This could be another anxiety disorder or a different type of mental health condition such as depression, personality disorders, or substance abuse.

An important contributing factor to the development of agoraphobia is environmental stress. People who have experienced abuse or have gone through catastrophic life experiences including losing a loved one or being attacked may develop a dread of large, difficult-to-leave environments. People of all ages, but particularly those in adolescence and young adulthood, might develop agoraphobia as a result of this trauma, especially when combined with an anxiety-prone personality.

Clearly many things contribute to agoraphobia, so if you’re having symptoms of agoraphobia and connect to some or all these events, please seek out the aid and guidance of a mental health expert.

Therapy is the best way to address any kind of phobia. Talk to our wellness experts by downloading the app now.


Treatment options

Attending talk therapy, using medications, or using both together are the best treatments for agoraphobia. The majority of experts agree that for anxiety disorders, counselling and medicine should be used together, but what works for one person may not work for another.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

The most effective form of psychotherapy for treating agoraphobia is cognitive-behavioral therapy. This approach to treatment focuses on changing unhealthy thought patterns and actions with more constructive ones. Cognitive-behavioral therapy can support patients in overcoming unwanted, anxious, and avoidant thoughts and actions. Particularly during the epidemic, online treatment is a fantastic choice for people with agoraphobia because you can securely participate in therapy from the comfort of your home.

Exposure treatment

A prominent therapeutic technique for treating agoraphobia is exposure therapy, which involves gradually exposing the patient to their fear in a safe environment so they can learn to control their anxiety. An essential component of treatment, exposure therapy involves methodical desensitization to gradually reduce the fear brought on by triggers.


Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and other antidepressants may be prescribed by doctors for agoraphobia. Medication can assist you in establishing a more consistent baseline for your mental health, which can facilitate the therapeutic process of overcoming your worries in day-to-day living. If you believe you might benefit from medication, please speak with a psychiatrist in person or online. Different forms of medicine work better for different people.

The sooner someone who is experiencing agoraphobia may receive treatment, the better. If left untreated, agoraphobia may worsen. Better long-term results are produced by early intervention. If you have agoraphobia, there are effective treatment options available, including therapy, medicine, and combinations of the two.

Talk to Online Therapist

View All

Continue With...

Chrome Chrome