Bael, or wood apple, is a native of India, Malaysia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Southeast Asian countries. It is also known as Bilva in Sanskrit, Bilva Pazham in Tamil, Bilva Fruit or Maredu Phalam in Telugu, and Bengal Quince in Telugu.
Bael, also known as Aegle Marmelos in botanical terms, is a medium-sized tree with slender branches and light brown bark that sometimes oozes an edible gum. Bael leaves are trifoliate in form, which means that each leaf has about 4 to 12 pairs of side veins that meet at the margin.
Despite their similarity in taste, colour, and properties, the words ‘Wood Apple’ should not be confused with another similar fruit known as Kaitha Bael in Hindi, Velaga Pandu in Telugu, and Vilam Palam in Tamil, which has the botanical name Limonia acidissima.
The Bael fruit has a globose shape and a hard surface that does not break open even when ripe. The greenish-grey raw fruits have a woody exterior that turns yellow when they ripen. The aromatic pulp of the ripe fruit is encased in a sac filled with natural adhesive and contains 10 to 15 seeds.
Bael trees are high in beta-carotene, protein, riboflavin, and vitamin C, among other nutrients. It is high in vitamin B1 and B2, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and carotene, as well as minerals such as calcium, potassium, fibre, and healthy fats.
These fruits are also known for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and laxative properties, and have been used for thousands of years in Ayurveda, Siddha, and other types of alternative medicine for their medicinal and therapeutic properties.
What Is The Benefit Of Indian Bael Fruit?
Vitamins A, B1, B2, C, as well as the minerals calcium, potassium, and iron, are all abundant in bael. Bael contains a variety of plant compounds that can help with tuberculosis, hepatitis, ulcers, and digestive issues. It is also a good source of tannins, which help in the treatment of cholera.
1. Rich in Carbohydrates
Bael’s high carbohydrate content provides the body with plenty of energy to carry out different bodily activities. When consumed in moderation, it improves the function of brain cells, aids digestion, and lowers cholesterol levels.
2. High in Potassium
Because of its high potassium content, aegle marmelos fruit is an excellent choice for people with high blood pressure. It keeps arteries from hardening, lowering the risk of strokes and heart disease. The potassium content of bael aids in the elimination of sodium by urine and reduces the strain on the blood vessel walls, reducing blood pressure and treating hypertension symptoms.
3. Loaded With Calcium
Calcium, the second most abundant ingredient in Bael, is important for bone health. It contributes to the strength of teeth and bones, as well as the prevention of osteoporosis. It also aids in the control of blood loss in the event of an injury.
4. Rich in Iron
Since bael is high in iron, it serves as a natural blood purifier, increasing the number of red blood cells and haemoglobin in the bloodstream. People who suffer from anaemia will find it highly helpful.
5. Vitamin Abundance
Bael is high in vitamins, which has a variety of health benefits. It is high in Vitamins A, B, and C, which makes Bael the best fruit for treating eye issues, digestive disorders, heart defects, and skin diseases, as well as preventing infections and boosting overall immunity.
6. Superman of Antioxidants
Bael’s high content of phytochemicals like flavonoids contributes to its antioxidative properties, making it a powerful fruit for heart and liver problems, lowering cholesterol, and fighting infections.
7. Bael Leaves Benefits To Fights The Skin Infections
The extracts from bael fruit, roots, and leaves are also antifungal and antiviral, in addition to their antibacterial properties. Bael leaf oil inhibits the growth of common skin-infecting fungi. Several bacterial species, including those that cause staph infections, are in the same boat. 5 Bael fruit appears to have useful compounds for battling skin infections as a possible first-line therapy.
How To Make Bael Sherbet or Juice At Home:
If you’re wondering how to incorporate these hard-exterior fruits into your everyday diet, the best way is to make bael sherbet at home. On a hot day, bael juice benefits by serving as an instant body cooler and energizer., which is common in Odisha and West Bengal.
Bael fruit is similar to other fruits in that it can be consumed fresh. Sherbert is a drink made in India by combining milk and sugar with seeded bael fruit pulp. Another common beverage is bael fruit pulp mixed with tamarind.
Jam is made by combining the pulp of mature, unripe bael fruit with citric acid and, sometimes, guava for sweetness. Young shoots and leaves of the bael fruit plant are used as a seasoning in Thailand.
Even when fully mature, bael fruits do not break open. Try cracking the shell of a pale yellow, sweet-smelling fruit with hard rock. To make this simple sherbet, scoop out the pulp.
Bael Sherbet is a traditional recipe popular in North-Eastern Indian households, particularly during the summer. Because of its nutrients, this natural coolant not only quenches your thirst but also offers instant energy.
- 3 to 4 ripe Bael fruit medium-sized
- 4 cups of cold milk
- 1 cup of water
- 1 to 2 spoons of jaggery powder or as much as you like
- 2 tbsp cardamom powder
- 1 tbsp black salt
- Wash the aegle marmelos tree fruit and strike the rough shell with a rolling pin on all sides.
- When it splits, crack it open and scoop out the pulp.
- Fill a bowl halfway with water and add the pulp.
- Mash the pulp until it softens and becomes semi-fluid in texture.
- Remove any solid particles or impurities from the mixture by straining it.
- Connect the remaining ingredients to the bael pulp, including chilled milk, cardamom powder, jaggery, and black salt.
- People with diabetes should replace the milk with chilled water, black salt, and cumin seed powder in the fruit pulp for a healthier version of this sweet sherbet.
- You can adjust the quality of the sherbet by adding more or less water.
- Pour the sherbet into a bottle and drink it up.
Since it is filled with numerous healthy ingredients, Bael Sherbet is a nutritious health drink.
The antioxidants in this fruit help to combat diabetes, relieve gastric ulcers, and improve digestion. Constipation is prevented by the laxative properties, and infections are kept at bay by the anti-fungal elements.
Milk is high in calcium, which helps to reinforce bones while also improving immunity and metabolism. If you use cold milk in your drink, it will help you lose weight by reducing acidity and soothing your stomach.
It is a natural source of iron and is the unrefined form of sugar. It detoxifies the liver, relieves menstrual pain, prevents anaemia, improves immunity, helps digestion, and prevents constipation.
Cardamom, an aromatic Indian spice, is used to treat high blood pressure, gastrointestinal disorders, infections, cavities, and bad breath.
Bael Medicinal Uses
Bael fruit benefits us in more than one way. Hair, skin, and our whole body thanks to this precious fruit.
Is Bel Good For Health?
Bael has been shown to have a beneficial impact on the heart and thus plays a pivotal role in treating a variety of heart ailments as a natural antioxidant and cardio-protective fruit. It not only strengthens the heart muscles and lowers blood cholesterol levels, but it also prevents lipid accumulation, lowering the risk of atherosclerosis, heart blocks, heart attacks, blood clots, and other cardiovascular diseases.
Is Bael Good For The Liver?
Bael is also essential for lowering cholesterol levels in the blood. It can help with heart, liver, and kidney disorders. It purifies the blood, eliminates toxins, and increases the body’s overall immunity due to its high potassium content.